Any construction erected by man with a residential or working function consists of different architectural ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE with different functions, some are load bearing such as beams, pillars, floors, load-bearing walls, and must not be tampered with at all, others can be modified without causing damage to the building , such as partitions, doors, windows, stairs.
To modify the interior, the interior designer only has skills in the non-load-bearing ones, but if it is necessary to intervene on load-bearing walls, it will be necessary to contact a qualified technician (architect, engineer, surveyor).
The floor is made up of several layers: the attic, the substrate and the flooring.
The latter is the layer that most interests us, and I dare say, one of the most important elements of the house because it is present in all environments and it is what will decide the type of tone (warm or cold) that we would like to give to the house.
The floor can be covered with different materials the most used are :
Wood, marble, porcelain stoneware, terracotta, resins.
Wood is a material used for homes since ancient times, for flooring it is used as parquet or wooden planks side by side following the type of installation that is preferred, the most common are the deck ship, herringbone, squared, straight laying, inlaid with particular designs.
Parquet is a type of floor whose costs vary depending on the type of wood you choose, it will create a warm and elegant environment but it is a very delicate material that you will always have to take care of with detergents specially created for parquet.
It can be used in almost all styles of furniture as long as you choose the most suitable color tone and grain for the chosen style.
Marble ( ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE )
Marble is a type of highly prized material found in nature, depending on the substances it is made of, it can have different colors and veins.
Originally a large slab is cut which will be further cut into the desired shape and laid, then it will be smoothed to give it clarity. As for wood, marble, being a natural material, is very delicate so it must be treated with specific detergents.
Marble flooring is recommended for use in important, precious and elegant environments.
Porcelain stoneware is the most used material not only for flooring but in general for all types of wall tiles. it is composed of a non-porous and highly wear-resistant ceramic paste.
Being artificially created, the manufacturing companies manage to produce tiles of various shapes and colors also with images and textures that reproduce wood, marble, fabric, cement, terracotta, etc.
Given the great variety that can be had with this material, it can be used in all styles of furniture.
The terracotta is composed of a clay mixture with shades of red and is mainly used in rustic environments such as taverns, cottages, country houses.
It may also have different shapes but it is a delicate and porous type of floor and must be treated with specific detergent.
The resin floor
The resin floor has a rather recent history, before the resin was used mainly in the industrial sector now also in the domestic one especially in open spaces in industrial or modern style.
The surface treated with the resin becomes smooth and without joints, it is a very resistant and long-lasting material, consequently also the cleaning of the resin floor is very easy.
The resin can be colored or transparent, with it it is also possible to recreate floors with images, therefore depending on the environment and the style chosen allows us to have a unique floor of its kind.
The window is an architectural ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE built on an external wall of the building which allows the entry of light and the exchange of air between an internal and external environment. It usually has a square or rectangular opening but depending on the style chosen for the building it can have various configurations. It is composed of a frame that can be made of wood, aluminum or PVC and of a door made in turn of the double glazing, the frame that supports the glass and the handle.
The opening of the window can take place in different ways:
- Rectangular casement window with hinged doors on the vertical side
- Vertical sliding window, or guillotine
- Vasistas, hinged on two consecutive sides (vertical and horizontal opening)
- Side sliding window, on a horizontal track
- Porthole used not only on ships but also in small attics
- Horizontal or vertical pivot window »
Doors is one of ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE
The door is an opening created on a specific point of an internal wall of the house that allows the passage from one environment to another.
It is usually rectangular in shape and consists of a vertical plane, a handle, frame and counterframe. Standard doors are 60 cm wide,
70 cm, 80 cm, 90 cm, but they can also be made to measure, but with a higher cost. Depending on the space available, the doors can have different types of opening.
They are the most widely used doors, they can be with one or two doors, and rotate on the hinges at 90 °, with an overall size equal to the width of the door.
When there is not enough space to ensure the swing opening, you can choose, usually a sliding door, they can be pocket which slide inside the wall thanks to an aluminum counterframe equipped with a sliding or external sliding mechanism, more economic of the pocket one, which is composed of a door that runs parallel to the wall on metal rails, however, remember that to install an external sliding door you need to have a portion of the free wall on the side of the same size as the door leaf
Folding or folding doors
The folding doors are used when, due to space requirements, there is no possibility of installing a swing or sliding door. It is composed of folding panels that are hooked to an upper guide and two side uprights, when you open it the panels fold over each other like an accordion leaving the passage free to the passage
Vertical Pivot Doors
This type of door is used when, despite having a very large compartment available, its dimensions cannot be changed which would in any case entail a considerable encumbrance in the rotation movement and an excessive weight to be moved. The movement of the panel is determined by totally hidden pins.
Flush-fitting or flush-mounted doors
Usually you choose to install a door flush with the wall to make passages to secondary rooms less visible or to allow special decorations on large surfaces. They are perfectly flush-fitting doors without frames and without architraves. Once closed, the effect is that of an invisible door.
Any type you carry can be created with different types of materials but the most used are wood, glass or the combination of the two.
Depending on the environment in which the door is located, it can have a smooth blind panel, decorated with different frames or textures, colored, or, in the case of glass, it can be transparent, opaque or screen-printed.
Stairs ( ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE )
The staircase is a construction construction that connects floors of a building placed at different heights. The staircase is formed by the steps, the ramp, the parapet and the landing.
Being can be of various shapes, the most used are linear and spiral .
staircase can be formed by one or more ramps with one or more landings, it depends on the difference in height to be overcome.
The spiral staircase
The spiral staircase is a type of staircase whose path takes place around a central central pillar or, if this is missing, the steps are embedded in the cylindrical containment cage.
Nowadays the stairs also act as a ELEMENTS OF THE HOUSE and, always depending on the style chosen, they can be elegant, modern, rustic, etc., with the possibility of covering the steps with the material you prefer, in the most modern and technical you can even create stairs with parapet and steps in transparent glass so as to give it a light appearance that seems to float in the void.